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加拿大前首相Harper谱写过的传奇!!

【OTTAWAZINE资讯】在某种程度上,Stephen Harper 的最大成就之一是成功当选加拿大首相。

2002年他接过加拿大首相的位置时,最大的政治大戏是关于哪名自由党内阁部长何时进入 24 Sussex Dr.。

Canadian Alliance leader Stephen Harper speaks to delegates at the party's convention in Edmonton on Thursday, April 4, 2002. (CP PHOTO/Jeff McIntosh)

Canadian Alliance leader Stephen Harper speaks to delegates at the party's convention in Edmonton on Thursday, April 4, 2002. (CP PHOTO/Jeff McIntosh)

到底是谁给了他这样的机会呢?

Harper 是来自 Alberta 的前改革派成员,他的讲话通俗易懂。他在和人打交道的行业中显得不太擅长和人打交道。有人认为他太右翼、太无聊,对魁省和安省人民太没有吸引力。

但他却大获全胜。

他赢得了这场团结右翼的战斗,在 2006 年赢得了政府,在 2011 年赢得了多数选票。

而且他在 18 年间赢得了 7 次参与众议院的权利。

Progressive Conservative leader Peter MacKay (left) and Canadian Alliance leader Stephen Harper share a laugh as they shake hands following a news conference announcing a merger deal with the two parties, in Ottawa Thursday Oct 16, 2003. The leaders signed a merger deal Thursday that would see the two parties folded into a single entity in time for an anticipated spring election. (CP PHOTO/Tom Hanson)

Progressive Conservative leader Peter MacKay (left) and Canadian Alliance leader Stephen Harper share a laugh as they shake hands following a news conference announcing a merger deal with the two parties, in Ottawa Thursday Oct 16, 2003. The leaders signed a merger deal Thursday that would see the two parties folded into a single entity in time for an anticipated spring election. (CP PHOTO/Tom Hanson)

57 岁的 Harper 称这是职业生涯性的周五,辞去去年10月赢得的 Calgary Heritage 席位。

接手他的遗产被证明很棘手。每胜利一次,别人就会把重点放在和这名在加国任职时间第6长的领导人相关的争议上,包括他在环境方面的记录、原住民和尊重民主体制。

虽然自由党力求去除 Harper 时代的一些影响——从对犯罪行为态度强硬的议程到他的部分反恐立法——他们不能也不会全部去除。

以下是 Harper 的一些令人难忘的成就:

领导加拿大人度过金融危机

Prime Minister Stephen Harper speaks to the media during a wrap up media conference following the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Port of Spain, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago,  Sunday  November 29, 2009.  THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

Prime Minister Stephen Harper speaks to the media during a wrap up media conference following the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Port of Spain, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, Sunday November 29, 2009. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

Harper 在任期内通常被视为稳健的舵手,特别是在 2007~2008 年的金融危机和之后的脆弱复苏期间。

加拿大从大萧条以来最严重的金融危机中脱颖而出,好过很多国家。Harper 2015 年的财政收支也是平衡的。

在复苏期间冻结首相薪水

在财政赤字导致开支紧缩、勒紧腰带时——他以身作则。Harper 在 2010 到 2012 年期间冻结了国会议员和参议员的工资,包括他的首相薪水。

把自己的退休金减少几百万

Prime Minister Stephen Harper waves to media as he and wife Laureen walk to Rideau Hall to visit Governor General David Johnston to request dissolution of parliament and trigger an election, in Ottawa in an August 2, 2015. A year ago Tuesday then-prime minister Stephen Harper visited the Governor General in the middle of a mid-summer long weekend to begin the longest election campaign in modern Canadian history.THE CANADIAN PRESS/Justin Tang, File

Prime Minister Stephen Harper waves to media as he and wife Laureen walk to Rideau Hall to visit Governor General David Johnston to request dissolution of parliament and trigger an election, in Ottawa in an August 2, 2015. A year ago Tuesday then-prime minister Stephen Harper visited the Governor General in the middle of a mid-summer long weekend to begin the longest election campaign in modern Canadian history.THE CANADIAN PRESS/Justin Tang, File

Harper 也因导致自身大量损失的决定在很多圈子里赢得一致好评。

加拿大纳税人联盟估计,他在 2012 年对非常慷慨的首相养老金计划的修改使他损失 180 到 220 万加元。

“我认识的政客里没有多少人愿意放弃几百万加元,但他做到了,”CTF 总裁 Aaron Wudrick 最近对 Huffington Post Canada 说。

减税,包括消费税,并减少联邦支出

Prime Minister Stephen Harper (left) and Finance Minister Jim Flaherty unveil a 5% GST sign during a photo-op in Mississauga, Ontario on Monday Dec. 31, 2007. The GST rate will drop to 5% at midnight Jan. 1, 2008. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Frank Gunn

Prime Minister Stephen Harper (left) and Finance Minister Jim Flaherty unveil a 5% GST sign during a photo-op in Mississauga, Ontario on Monday Dec. 31, 2007. The GST rate will drop to 5% at midnight Jan. 1, 2008. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Frank Gunn

Harper 把商品和服务税(GST)从 7% 减少到 5% 是很知名的事件。

很多保守派也对他在任期内降低了加拿大企业和小型企业税率感到自豪。

为过去错误的历史性道歉

Assembly of First Nations Chief Phil Fontaine, right, watches as Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper thanks Beverley Jacobs, head of the Native Women's Association of Canada, after she responded to the government's apology for more than a century of abuse and cultural loss involving Indian residential schools at a ceremony in the House of Commons on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Wednesday, June 11, 2008. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Tom Hanson

Assembly of First Nations Chief Phil Fontaine, right, watches as Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper thanks Beverley Jacobs, head of the Native Women's Association of Canada, after she responded to the government's apology for more than a century of abuse and cultural loss involving Indian residential schools at a ceremony in the House of Commons on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Wednesday, June 11, 2008. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Tom Hanson

2006 年时 Harper 在众议院正式为 1885 到 1923 年期间对中国移民征收的人头税道歉。

2008 年时,他向恐怖的寄宿学校向原住民表达了深深歉意。他的政府还设立了真相与和解委员会。

健行国家统一

Prime Minister Stephen Harper addresses families of victims of repeat violent offenders, Thursday, February 12, 2015 in Victoriaville, Que. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Paul Chiasson

Prime Minister Stephen Harper addresses families of victims of repeat violent offenders, Thursday, February 12, 2015 in Victoriaville, Que. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Paul Chiasson

Harper 公开承认魁北克人在统一的加拿大内形成的国家——这项有争议的决定导致他很早就失去了一名内阁大臣的支持。Harper 的内阁将消灭独立主义者(译注:sovereigntist,特指支持魁北克自有政府或完全独立的人)存在的理由归功于他结束了很多联邦政府和省政府间对支出和尊重省政府独立性的争吵。

尽管魁人党在 2012 到 2014 年间建立了少数派政府,在他的看管下没有出现分裂主义全民公投或重大宪政危机。

提高允许发生性关系的年龄

Prime Minister Stephen Harper attends a roundtable meeting on gang violence in Vancouver, B.C., on Thursday,  February 26, 2009. Harper says strong penalties deter crime and changes to the Criminal Code proposed by his government will toughen the criminal justice system in Canada.THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck

Prime Minister Stephen Harper attends a roundtable meeting on gang violence in Vancouver, B.C., on Thursday, February 26, 2009. Harper says strong penalties deter crime and changes to the Criminal Code proposed by his government will toughen the criminal justice system in Canada.THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck

虽然 Harper 打击犯罪议程的某些关键方面已经被最高法院定为违宪,但是他的政府成功在 2008 年将可以发生性关系的年龄从 14 岁提高到 16 岁。

此举旨在保护儿童免受性侵犯。这项成功标志着 1892 年以来法定同意年龄的首次变化。

母亲健康计划

Prime Minister Stephen Harper speaks to the media during the closing press conference after attending the Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Summit in Toronto on Friday, May 30, 2014. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Nathan Denette

Prime Minister Stephen Harper speaks to the media during the closing press conference after attending the Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Summit in Toronto on Friday, May 30, 2014. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Nathan Denette

Harper 在加拿大主办的 2010 年 G8 峰会上推出了 Muskoka Initiative,承诺成员国们在帮助减少发展中国家的母亲和儿童死亡数量方面每年投入几十亿。

在 2014 年给联合国的讲话中,Harper 说拯救母亲和儿童的生命是一场“我们能打赢的战斗。”

坚定支持以色列

Prime Minister Stephen Harper takes a moment as he visits the Western Wall in Jerusalem, Israel on Tuesday, January 21, 2014. While in the Middle East Harper is visiting Israel, the West Bank, and Jordan. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

Prime Minister Stephen Harper takes a moment as he visits the Western Wall in Jerusalem, Israel on Tuesday, January 21, 2014. While in the Middle East Harper is visiting Israel, the West Bank, and Jordan. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

Harper 的支持者们也纷纷称赞他对以色列的明确支持,改变了加拿大在中东的所谓“诚实中间人”的名声。

前保守党外交事务大臣 Maxime Bernier 说过 Harper 在纸面上的“明确”立场是他的外交政策中“最重要的方面。”

直面普京

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper walks past Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G20 Summit Thursday Sept.5, 2013 in St.Petersburg, Russia. Tensions over Canada and Russia's Arctic territorial ambitions have been brewing since at least February 2009, when Canada scrambled F-18 fighter jets to intercept Russian bombers approaching Canadian airspace, then loudly publicized the incident. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian Wyld

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper walks past Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G20 Summit Thursday Sept.5, 2013 in St.Petersburg, Russia. Tensions over Canada and Russia's Arctic territorial ambitions have been brewing since at least February 2009, when Canada scrambled F-18 fighter jets to intercept Russian bombers approaching Canadian airspace, then loudly publicized the incident. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian Wyld

Harper 是俄罗斯总统 Vladimir Putin 的对手里反对侵略乌克兰呼声最强烈的人之一。在 2014 年俄罗斯吞并克里米亚后,他率先提出将其逐出 G8 峰会。

在 G20 峰会上,据称 Harper 告诉这名俄罗斯领导人:“我想我会和你握手,但我只有一件事对你说:你需要离开乌克兰。”

他还在每年夏天前往加拿大最北部时提倡极地区主权(Artic sovereignty)。

就在本周,乌克兰总统 Petro Poroshenko 向 Harper 颁发了自由勋章。这是乌克兰的最高荣誉之一。

Harper虽然离开政坛,但他之前做的这一切,将成为永恒历史!

 

OTTAWAZINE/Ever

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